EFFECT OF DIGITAL COMMUNITY TOWARDS DEMOCRACY PROCESS: DIGITAL PARTISIPATION ANALYSIS IN INDONESIA

Alih Aji Nugroho

Abstract


The world is entering a new phase of the digital era, including Indonesia. The unification of the real world and cyberspace is a sign, where the conditions of both can influence each other (Hyung Jun, 2018). The patterns of behavior and public relations in the virtual universe gave rise to new social interactions called the Digital Society. One part of Global Megatrends has also influenced public policy in Indonesia in recent years. Critical mass previously carried out conventionally is now a virtual movement. War of hashtags, petitions, and digital community comments are new tools and strategies for influencing policy. This paper attempts to analyze the extent of digital society's influence on public policy in Indonesia. As well as what public policy models are needed. Methodology used in this analysis is qualitative descriptive. Data collection through literature studies by critical mass digital recognition in Indonesia and trying to find a relationship between political participation through social media and democracy. By processing the pro and contra views regarding the selection of social media as a level of participation, this paper finds that there are overlapping interests that have the potential to distort the articulation of freedom of opinion and participation. - which is characteristic of a democratic state. The result is the rapid development of digital society which greatly influences the public policy process. Digital society imagines being able to participate formally in influencing policy in Indonesia. The democracy that developed in the digital society is cyberdemocracy. Public space in the digital world must be guaranteed security and its impact on the policies that will be determined. The recommendation given to the government is that a cyber data analyst is needed to oversee the issues that are developing in the digital world. Regulations related to the security of digital public spaces must be maximized. The government maximizes cooperation with related stakeholders.

Keywords: Digital Society; Democracy; Public policy; Political Participation


Full Text:

PDF

References


Burton, Graeme. (2005). Media and Society: Critical Perspectives. New York : MCGraw Hill.

Coleman, Stephen dan Jay G. Blumler. (2009). The Internet and Democratic Citizenship; Theory, Practice and Policy. New York : Cambridge University Press

Dahlan, Alwi. (1999). Teknologi Informasi dan Demokrasi. Jurnal Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia, Vo. IV/Oktober 1999

Dahlgren, Peter. (2005). The Internet, Public Spheres, and Political Communication: Dispersion and Deliberation. Political Communication Vol. 22, No. 2, 2005

Davis, Aeron. (2010). New Media and Fat Democracy: The Paradox of Online Participation.

Vol. 12, No. 5, 2010

Ferber, Paul, dkk. . (2007). Cyberdemocracy and Online Politics: A New Model of Interactivity. Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society Vol. 27, No. 5, October 2007

Ferdiansyah and Fathurrahman. (2018). Utilization of Social Media in Policy Making Process a Literature Review in Public Administration. Proceeding at the EROPA Conference.

Giddens, Anthony. (1999). Runaway World. BBC Reich Lecture

Hague, Barry N. Dan Brian D.Loader. (1999). Digital Democracy; Discourse and Decision Making in the Information Age. London : Routledge

Hardiman, F. Budi. (2010). Komersialisasi Ruang Publik menurut Hanna Arendt dan Jurgen Habermas. Dalam F. Budi Hardiman (ed). Ruang Publik; Melacak Partisipasi Demokratis dari Polis sampai Cyberspace. Yogyakarta : Kanisius

Hardiman, F. Budi. (2011). Ruang Publik dan Demokrasi Deliberatif : Etika Politik Jurgen Habermas. Dalam F. Budi Hardiman, dkk. Empat Esai Etika Politik. Jakarta

:Srimulyani.net bekerjasama dengan Komunitas Salihara

Hartley, John. (2002). Communication, Cultural and Media Studies: The Key Concepts.

London:Routledge

Ibrahim, Idi Subandi. (2011). Kritik Budaya Komunikasi; Budaya, Media dan Gaya Hidup dalam

Proses Demokratisasi di Indonesia. Yogyakarta : Jalasutra

Jenkins, Henry dan David Thorburn. (2003). The Digital Revolution, the Informed Citizen, and the Culture of Democracy. Dalam Henry Jenkins dan David Thorburn (ed). Democracy and New Media. London : The MIT Press

Johnson, Pauline. (2006). Habermas: Rescuing the Public Sphere. New York : Routledge

Koller, Veronika dan Ruth Wodak. (2008). Shifting boundaries and emergent public spheres. Dalam Ruth Wodak and Veronika Koll (ed). Handbook of Communication in the Public Sphere. Mouton de Gruyter

Lim, Merlyna. (2012). The League of Thirteen: Media Concentration in Indonesia. Participatory Media Lab Arizona State University Tempe & The Ford Foundation.

May, Todd. (2008). The Political Thought of Jacques Rancière: Creating Equality.

Edinburgh University Press.

McKee, Alan. (2005). The Public Sphere: An Introduction. New York : Cambridge University Press

Mossberger Karen, dkk. (2008). Digital Citizenship: The Internet, Society, and Participation. London : The MIT Press

Moyser, George. (2003). Political Participation. Dalam Roland Axtmann (ed). Understanding Democratic Politics: An Introduction. London : Routledge Poster, Mark. CyberDemocracy: Internet and the Public Sphere. http:// acloudofdust.typepad.com/files/cyberdemocracy.doc.

Nugroho, A. (2018). Labor Market Flexibility: Advantages for Workforce or Threat?.

Policy & Governance Review, 2(2), 132-147. doi:10.30589/pgr.v2i2.87

Rachel K. Gibson,dkk. (2004). Electronic Democracy Mobilisation, organisation and

Participation via news ICT’s. London : Routledge

Sastrapredja, M. (2010). Ruang Publik dan Ruang Privat dalam Tinjauan Kebudayaan. Dalam F. Budi Hardiman (ed). Ruang Publik; Melacak Partisipasi Demokratis dari Polis sampai Cyberspace. Yogyakarta : Kanisius

Sen, Krisna dan David Hill. (2007). Media, Culture and Politics ind Indonesia. Jakarta.

Equinox Publishing Indonesia

Stevenson, Nick. (2002). Understanding Media Culture. London : Sage publication Supelli, Karlina. (2010). Ruang Publik Dunia Maya. Dalam F. Budi Hardiman (ed). Ruang

Publik; Melacak Partisipasi Demokratis dari Polis sampai Cyberspace. Yogyakarta : Kanisius

Towner, Terri L. (2013). All Political Participation Is Socially Networked? New Media and the 2012 Election. Social Science Computer Review, 31(5) 527-541.

Turley, Christine, dkk. (2017). The Forrester Wave: Social Media Management Solutions, Q2 2017. The 10 Leading Vendors Supporting Enterprise Social Marketing. Hootsuite.

Zúñiga, Homero Gil de. (2010). Digital Democracy: Reimagining Pathways to Political Participation. Journal of Information Technology & Politics, 7:36–51, 2010




DOI: https://doi.org/10.32834/gg.v15i2.123

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Secretariat

Gedung Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Administrasi LAN Jakarta

Jl. Administrasi II, Pejompongan, Jakarta Pusat 10260

Phone: (021) 532 6396

jurnalgg@stialan.ac.id

View My Stats